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Abu Bakr Al-Siddiq the First Caliph in Islam:
His Reaction Towards Apostasy
It was not long after the death of the Messenger of Allah (SWT) (prayers and peace be upon him), when Islam became entangled in a grave struggle from two directions: first with paganism that was making a sudden comeback to the life and the second was with the crusade that was simmering in the northern boarder of the Arabian Peninsula; stifling the propagation of Islam and stalling the entrance of its people into Islam.
Imam Al-Dhahabi said: 'When the news of the death of the Prophet spread, many groups of people among the Arabs apostatized from Islam. They objected to pay the almsgiving.Abu Bakr decided to fight them. Umar and others impressed upon him to refrain from fighting them, but Abu Bakr (may Allah (SWT) be pleased with him),said:'By Allah,if they refuse to pay a rope which they used to pay at the time of the Messenger of Allah,I will fight them for withholding it.'
Umar (may Allah (SWT) be pleased with him) insisted: 'How can you fight with these people although the Prophet (prayers and peace be upon him) said: "I have been ordered by Allah (SWT) to fight the people till they say: None has the right to be worshiped but Allah, and whoever said it then he will save his life and property from me except on trespass the law, and his accounts will be with Allah."
Abu Bakr (may Allah (SWT) be pleased with him),reiterated:'By Allah!I will fight those who differentiate between the prayer and almsgiving, for almsgiving is a compulsory right to be taken from the property (according to Allah's orders).'
Then Umar said:'By Allah,it was nothing,but Allah (SWT) brought relief to Abu Bakr toward the decision (to fight) and I came to know that this decision was right.'
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Ghiyath al-Din Abul Fateh Omar Ibn Ibrahim al-Khayyam was born at Nishapur, the provincial capital of Khurasan around 1044 C.E. (c. 1038 to 1048). Persian mathematician, astronomer, philosopher, physician and...
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