Mohammad Bin Musa (Died 840 C.E.) (Part-3)



To read the previous part of this story, click here.

His Work
Al-Khawarizmi was a mathematician, astronomer and geographer. He was perhaps one of the greatest mathematicians who ever lived, as, in fact, he was the founder of several branches and basic concepts of mathematics. In the words of Phillip Hitti:

"He influenced mathematical thought to a greater extent than any other mediaeval writer."

His work on algebra was outstanding, as he not only initiated the subject in a systematic form but he also developed it to the extent of giving analytical solutions of linear and quadratic equations, which established him as the founder of Algebra.

Hisab Al-jabr wAl-muqabala, contains analytical solutions of linear and quadratic equations and its author may be called one of the founders of analysis or algebra as distinct from geometry. He also gives geometrical solutions (with figures) of quadratic equations, for example X2 + 1OX = 39, an equation often repeated by later writers. The‘Liber ysagogarum Alchorismi in artem astronomicam a magistro A. [Adelard of Bath] compositus!' deals with arithmetic, geometry, music, and astronomy; it is possibly a summary of Al-Khawarzmi’s teachings rather than an original work.

His astronomical and trigonometric tables, revised by Maslama Al-Majrti (Second half of tenth century), were translated into Latin as early as l126 by Adelard of Bath. They were the first Muslim tables and contained not simply the sinefunction  but also the tangent(Maslama's interpolation).

His arithmetic synthesised Greek and Hindu knowledge and also contained his own contribution of fundamental importance to mathematics and science. Thus, he explained the use of zero, a numeral of fundamental importance developed by the Arabs. Similarly, he developed the decimal system so that the overall system of numerals, 'algorithm' or 'algorizm' is named after him. In addition to introducing the Indian system of numerals (now generally known as Arabic numerals), he developed at length several arithmetical procedures, including operations on fractions. It was through his work that the system of numerals was first introduced to Arabs and later to Europe, through its translations in European languages.

To read the next part of this story, click here.

Sharing is caring. Please spread the story around your friend and show your love to us! May Allah (swt) bless us, forgive us and give us more rewards.

Umar ibn al-Khattab (Part-9)

To read the previous part of this story,click here.Sayings of Umar that Became Well Known Wisdom Umar (may Allah (SWT) be pleased with him)said:"Whoever concealed his secrets will have the...

Ma'ruf al-Karkhi (Part-3)

To read the previous part of this story, click here.Anecdotes of Ma'rufOne day Ma'ruf was walking along with a group of his followers when a gang of youths came that...

Ahmad ibn Khazruya (Part-5)

To read the previous part of this story, click here.Once a man came to Ahmad-e Khazruya and said, "I am sick and poor. Teach me a way whereby I may...

Surah An-Nisa (Tafseer-ul-Maariful Quran), Part-104

To read the previous part, click hereIn some narrations it is reported that whoever entrusts a person with an office of responsibility, although he knows that there is another person...

Sura Al-Imran (Tafseer-ul-Maariful Quran), Part-20

To read the previous part, click here The Holy Prophet (SM) was taking part in this digging operation as an individual like everybody else. By chance, the diggers came upon...

The Patched Robe

There was a Jew of Damascus who was reading a holy book one day when he came across the name of the Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) written in...

Khair al-Nassaj (Part-1)

Abu '1-Hasan Mohammad ibn Esma'il (Khair ibn 'Abd Allah) al-Nassaj of Samarra, a pupil of Sari al-Saqati and a member of al-Jonaid's circle, was taken as a slave in Basra...