Mohammad Bin Musa (Died 840 C.E.) (Part-3)

315

views


To read the previous part of this story, click here.

His Work
Al-Khawarizmi was a mathematician, astronomer and geographer. He was perhaps one of the greatest mathematicians who ever lived, as, in fact, he was the founder of several branches and basic concepts of mathematics. In the words of Phillip Hitti:

"He influenced mathematical thought to a greater extent than any other mediaeval writer."

His work on algebra was outstanding, as he not only initiated the subject in a systematic form but he also developed it to the extent of giving analytical solutions of linear and quadratic equations, which established him as the founder of Algebra.

Hisab Al-jabr wAl-muqabala, contains analytical solutions of linear and quadratic equations and its author may be called one of the founders of analysis or algebra as distinct from geometry. He also gives geometrical solutions (with figures) of quadratic equations, for example X2 + 1OX = 39, an equation often repeated by later writers. The‘Liber ysagogarum Alchorismi in artem astronomicam a magistro A. [Adelard of Bath] compositus!' deals with arithmetic, geometry, music, and astronomy; it is possibly a summary of Al-Khawarzmi’s teachings rather than an original work.

His astronomical and trigonometric tables, revised by Maslama Al-Majrti (Second half of tenth century), were translated into Latin as early as l126 by Adelard of Bath. They were the first Muslim tables and contained not simply the sinefunction  but also the tangent(Maslama's interpolation).

His arithmetic synthesised Greek and Hindu knowledge and also contained his own contribution of fundamental importance to mathematics and science. Thus, he explained the use of zero, a numeral of fundamental importance developed by the Arabs. Similarly, he developed the decimal system so that the overall system of numerals, 'algorithm' or 'algorizm' is named after him. In addition to introducing the Indian system of numerals (now generally known as Arabic numerals), he developed at length several arithmetical procedures, including operations on fractions. It was through his work that the system of numerals was first introduced to Arabs and later to Europe, through its translations in European languages.

To read the next part of this story, click here.


Sharing is caring. Please spread the story around your friend and show your love to us! May Allah (swt) bless us, forgive us and give us more rewards.


Salah ad-Deen al-Ayubi (Part-34)

To read the previous part of this story,click here.Islamic scholars and judges participate in physical JihadOne of the most prominent examples of an Islamic scholar's participation in the regular army...

Salah ad-Deen al-Ayubi (Part-91)

To read the previous part of this story,click here.Oppression of everyone who disagreed with their madh-habThis was in addition to everything mentioned above, quoting from the words of Qadi Tyad...

The Prophet as a Husband (Part-37)

To read the previous part of this story, click here.Considering their Psychology while in IllnessThe Prophet Peace be upon him if one of his family members got sick, he used...

Salah ad-Deen al-Ayubi (Part-23)

To read the previous part of this story,click here.c) The Pope promised that whoever took up arms and headed...

Sura Al-Buruj (Tafseer-ul-Maariful Quran), Part-03

To read the previous part, click hereI swear by the sky, the one having stellar formations, [l] and by the Promised Day, [2] and by that which attends, and that...

Hell-A Vision from within (Part-21)

To read the previous part of this story, click here.So, we proceeded to find something that looks like a tanoor [93], and I think He said: 'There were voices and...

Sura Al-Baqarah (Tafseer-ul-Maariful Quran), Part-201

To read the previous part, click hereThe word 'jidal' means an effort to upturn the adversary, therefore, a rough altercation or quarrel is known as jidal. This word being very...