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Allah's Saying: "And I shall reward (the fasting person) for it," shows the greatness of its virtue and ample reward because when the Most Generous informs the people that He shall handle the reward Himself, that means the greatness of retribution and ampleness of the gift. [Sahih Muslim with the explanation of An-Nawawy 8/29].
The Prophet (SM) said: "The observance of three days' fast every Month and that of Ramadan every year is a perpetual fasting. I seek from Allah that fasting on the day of `Arafah may atone for the sins of the preceding and the coming years. and I seek from Allah that fasting on the day of `Ashura' may atone for the sins of the preceding year." [Reported by Muslim, in the book of fasting, chapter on the desirability of fasting three days of each month 3 /167].
Imam An-Nawawy said about the fasting on the Day of `Arafah: The meaning is: It expiates the sins of a person who observes fasting in the two years. They said: It expiates minor sins.
If the Hadith is not meant for minor sins, we hope that Allah alleviates major sins. If there is no sins, it raises ranks. [Sahih Muslim with the explanation of An-Nawawy 8/51].
* Abu Ayyub Al Ansary (RA) narrated that the Messenger of Allah (SWT) said: "Whoever observes fasts during the month of Ramadan, and also observes As-Sawm for six days in the month of Shawwal, it is as if he has observed As-Sawm for the whole year." [Reported by Muslim, in the book of fasting, chapter on the desirability of fasting six days of Shawwal 3/169].
Fasting the six days is like fasting the entire lifetime because doing one good deed equals ten of the like: Ramadan equals ten months and the six days equal two months.
* Abu Sa`id Al Khudry (RA) narrated: I heard the Messenger of Allah saying: "Anyone fasts for one day for the sake of Allah, Allah will keep his face away from the (Hell) fire for (a distance covered by a journey of) seventy years." [Reported by Al Bukhari and Muslim, with the wordings of Al Bukhari: Sahih Al Bukhari in the book of Jihad, chapter on the virtue of fasting for Allah's Sake 3/213, and Sahih Muslim, in the book of fasting, chapter on the virtue of fasting for Allah's Sake for those who can stand fasting without harm or missing a right 3/159].
Apparently, the meaning is fasting during the time of Jihad and fighting.
Ibn Al Jawzy said: When the phrase "in the cause of Allah" is released, it means Jihad.
Ibn Daqiq Al `Eid said: The word is usually used for Jihad, and it may mean Allah's Obedience, however the first meaning is more correct. [Fathul-Bary 6/48].
Imam An-Nawawy (may Allah bestow mercy on his soul) said: The Hadith stresses the excellence of fasting for Allah's Sake for those who are not harmed by fasting in any way and without wasting a right or weakening the body during fighting or any mission during Jihad.
The meaning of "keep his face away" is: Protecting a person from Fire. [Sahih Muslim with the explanation of An-Nawawy 8/33].
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