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Transactions and morals
* Abu Hurayrah (RA) narrated that the Messenger of Allah (SWT) said: "He who alleviates the suffering of a brother out of the sufferings of the world, Allah would alleviate his suffering from the sufferings of the Day of Resurrection, and he who finds relief for one who is hard pressed, Allah would make things easy for him in the Hereafter, and he who conceals (the faults) of a Muslim, Allah would conceal his faults in the world and in the Hereafter. Allah is at the back of a servant so long as the servant is at the back of his brother, and he who treads the path in search of knowledge, Allah would make that path easy, leading to Paradise for him and those persons who assemble in the house among the houses of Allah (SWT) and recite the Book of Allah and they learn and teach the Qur'an (among themselves) there would descend upon them the tranquility and mercy would cover them and the angels would surround them and Allah makes a mention of them in the presence of those near Him, and he who is slow-paced in doing good deeds, his (high) descent does not make him go ahead." [Reported by Muslim in the book of Dhikr, invocation, repentance, and asking for Allah's forgiveness, chapter on the virtue of gathering for reciting the Qur'an and Dhikr 8/71].
- Imam An-Nawawy (may Allah bestow mercy on his soul) said: This is a great Hadith which collects all kind of sciences, rules, and proprieties.
- The Hadith contains the virtue of fulfilling people's needs and benefitting them with what is available, such as knowledge, money, aid, advantage, or advice, etc.
- The Hadith also indicates the virtue of seeking knowledge and obligates people to seek Shari`ah knowledge for the sake of Allah because this is a condition in every act of worship, but scholars confine it to this matter because some people may be lenient in this or neglect it.
- As for the Prophet's saying: "Any group of people that assemble in one of the Houses of Allah," it is not only confined to masjids but schools, gatherings, and anything of the like. "And he who is slow-paced in doing good deeds, his (high) descent does not make him go ahead," it means that whoever neglects his righteous actions shall not catch the rank of the doers of righteous deeds, so a person should not depend on his nobility or his lineage while neglecting righteous deeds. [Sahih Muslim with the explanation of An-Nawawy 17/21-23].
* Abu Ad-Darda' (RA) narrated that the Messenger of Allah (SWT) said: "Shall I inform you of something more excellent in degree than fasting, prayer and almsgiving (Charity)? The people replied: Yes. He (the Prophet) said: It is putting things right between people, spoiling them is the shaver (destructive)." [At-Tirmidhy said: This an authentic Hadith]. It was reported that the Prophet (SM) said: "Beware of hatred, for it is the razor. I do not tell you that it shaves the hair, but it shaves away the religion." [Reported by At-Tirmidhy in the book the description of the Day of Resurrection No. 2509, 4/663].
- The meaning of fasting and Salah here is the supererogatory not the obligatory duties.
- The shaver: is the quality which destroys religion as a razor shaves hair.
- It was said: It is cutting the ties of kinship and oppression.
- The Hadith exhorts to reconciliation among people and avoiding corruption because reconciliation is a cause for holding firm with the way of Allah and not to scatter or corrupt affairs among people, so whoever conciliates and removes corruption gains a higher degree than the fasting person who spends all night in Salah. [Tuhfat Al Ahwazy 3/320].
* Abu Mas`ud narrated that the Messenger of Allah (SWT) said: "A person from amongst the people who lived before you was called to account by Allah on the Day of Resurrection. No good deeds were found in his credit except that he being a rich man had (financial) dealings with people and had commanded his servants to show leniency to those who were in straitened circumstances. Upon this Allah, the Exalted, and Majestic said: `I am more entitled to this attribute, so waive (his faults).'" [Reported by Muslim in the book of dealings, chapter on the virtue of giving respite to an insolvent 5/32].
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