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Islaamic Knowledge in the home
(8)Teaching the family
This is an obligation which the head of the household must undertake, in obedience to the command of Allaah (which means): "O you who believe! Ward off from yourselves and your families a Fire [Hell] whose fuel is men and stones…" [QUR'AAN 66:6]. This Aayah is the basic principle regarding the teaching and upbringing of one's family, and enjoining them to do what is good and forbidding them to do what is evil. There follow some of the comments of the Mufassireen on this Aayah, in so far as it pertains to the duties of the head of the household.
Qataadah, may Allaah have mercy on him, said: “He should command them to obey Allaah, and forbid them to disobey Him, and direct them in accordance with the commands of Allaah, and help them to do that.”
Dhahhaak and Muqaatil, may Allaah have mercy on them, said: “It is the Muslim’s duty to teach his family, including relatives and female slaves, what Allaah has enjoined upon them and what He has forbidden.”
‘Ali, may Allaah be pleased with him, said: “Teach them and discipline them.”
At-Tabari, may Allaah have mercy on him, said: “We must teach our children and wives the religion and goodness, and whatever they need of good manners. If the Messenger of Allaah, sallallaahu 'alayhi wa sallam, used to urge the teaching of female servants, who were slaves, what do you think about your children and wives, who are free?”
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