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The Qur’an states:
"Say: O Allah, Lord of Power (and Rule). You give power to whom you please and You strip of power from whom you please. You endue with honour whom You please, and You bring low whom you please. In your Hand is all good and you have power over all things."(3:26)
However He has made a fixed law for the granting and taking away of Power, which may be called the'Sunnat of Allah': That law is this that nations are granted power and government in two ways viz., firstly as Divine inheritance and secondly through 'worldly means'. According to the first way, when power is granted when the beliefs and deeds of the people are in accordance with Allah's will. In other words the beliefs in Allah is correct and firm and in their deeds the individual as well as the whole society are righteous as would be described as 'Saaliheeri in the Qur'an.
If the nation is sueh, the nation is worthy of being granted Allah's title of being "Khilafat llahiyya" i.e., in this world they are vicegerents of Allah and the true successors of the Prophets (SM). And Allah’s promise is that the people who in beliefs and deeds are the heirs of the Prophets (SM) they will be the heirs of this earth as well as hereafter-and even if there shound stand a rast mountain between themselves the inheritance of the hereafer, they will over come that obstacle and Allah will fulfill his promise to them. Says Allah (SWT):
"Before this we wrote in the Zabbur after the message given to Musa(A): My Servant, the righteous shall inherit the earth."
"For the earth is Allah’s to give as a heritage to such of His servants as He pleases."
In these verses Allah's pleasure lies with those who are His rigthteous servants and if this righteousness is not found in any nation, then in spite of them being claimants to being attached to Islam, they cannot become the recipients of the heritage, and they will not be able to lay claim to 'Divine Khilaafa. And for such a people the promise of Allah does not fit.
A warning lesson (Ibraf) is provided by the fact that the king sitting on a throne is not being given power to rule over others just because Allah is pleased with him, but because the ture heirs of rule and power here as a result of their bad deeds lost the right to take up tha power. And now for the sake of the benefit of this world it is not a condition for power and rule that the ruler should be a Muslim or a Kaafir or a Mushrik.
Allah (SWT) says: "And Allah granteth His authority to whom He pleases."(2:247)
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