The Prophet Mohammad (SM) The Best of All Husbands (Part-39)

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Ibn Katheer (Ra) says: "The word "awl4 here means injustice."5 This means that to suffice with just one wife is the best way to avoid falling into any kind of injustice and oppression.

Allah (SWT) says:
[سورة النساء:١٢٩]  وَلَن تَسْتَطِيعُوا أَن تَعْدِلُوا بَيْنَ النِّسَاءِ وَلَوْ حَرَصْتُمْ ۖ فَلَا تَمِيلُوا كُلَّ الْمَيْلِ فَتَذَرُوهَا كَالْمُعَلَّقَةِ ۚ وَإِن تُصْلِحُوا وَتَتَّقُوا فَإِنَّ اللَّهَ كَانَ غَفُورًا رَّحِيمًا

(You will never be able to deal perfectly justly between your wives even if it is your ardent desire, so do not incline too much toward one of them [by giving her more of your time and provision] so as to leave the other hanging [neither divorced nor yet truly married]. And if you do right, and fear Allah, then Allah is Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful.)6 (Qur'an 4: 129)

Three issues are raised in this verse:
First: Islam has not made the practice of polygyny mandatory; in fact, it mentions it in a way that shows that it often leads people into being oppressive and unjust.

Second: Neither has Islam completely forbidden the practice, but it takes into consideration the fact that it is the nature of many men to desire more than one woman. Also, sometimes men marry again in the quest of offspring, which they may not be able to get from a barren wife. Moreover, some men may be wealthier than others and may like to spend their money in supporting another woman.

Third: Even though Islam permits plural marriage, it lays down certain principles, exhorting people to be just, as has already been mentioned, which makes people take polygyny more seriously.7

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The Prophet Mohammad (SM) The Best of All Husbands - Dr. Ghazi al-Shammari

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