Sura Al-Imran (Tafseer-ul-Maariful Quran), Part-04



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It is narrated in some a hadith that some Christians came to the Holy Prophet (SM) and engaged him in a conversation about religion. The Holy Prophet (SM) , by the will of Allah, presented these two verses as arguments confirming the Oneness of Allah. The Christians had no answer to refute them.

Lastly, while referring to the absolute power and wisdom of Allah Almighty, verse 6 invites one's attention to the fact that Allah shapes all men and women in the wombs of their mothers according to His supreme wisdom which has created billions of men and women with clear distinguishable features establishing the identity of each individual distinct from all others. He is, therefore, the only One who, should be worshipped.

[٧]هُوَ الَّذِي أَنزَلَ عَلَيْكَ الْكِتَابَ مِنْهُ آيَاتٌ مُّحْكَمَاتٌ هُنَّ أُمُّ الْكِتَابِ وَأُخَرُ مُتَشَابِهَاتٌ ۖ فَأَمَّا الَّذِينَ فِي قُلُوبِهِمْ زَيْغٌ فَيَتَّبِعُونَ مَا تَشَابَهَ مِنْهُ ابْتِغَاءَ الْفِتْنَةِ وَابْتِغَاءَ تَأْوِيلِهِ ۗ وَمَا يَعْلَمُ تَأْوِيلَهُ إِلَّا اللَّهُ ۗ وَالرَّاسِخُونَ فِي الْعِلْمِ يَقُولُونَ آمَنَّا بِهِ كُلٌّ مِّنْ عِندِ رَبِّنَا ۗ وَمَا يَذَّكَّرُ إِلَّا أُولُو الْأَلْبَابِ

He is the One who has revealed to you the Book. A number of its verses are Muhkamat (of established meaning) and those are the principal verses of the Book and others, Mutashibihat (whose definite meanings are unknown). Now those who have crookedness in their hearts go after such part of it as is Mutashibihat seeking (to create) discord and searching for its interpretation while no one knows its interpretation except Allah. And those well-grounded in knowledge say: 'We believe therein; all is from our Lord!' And only the men of understanding do observe the advice. [7]

Moving from the affirmation of the principle of Allah's Oneness, the text now answers some doubts raised against it. As stated briefly a little earlier, this verse was revealed in a specific background. Once a group of Christians came to the Holy Prophet ,(SM) and started talking about religion. The Holy Prophet (SM), refuted their doctrine of Trinity in details and proved the Oneness of Allah with reference to the eternal existence, the perfect power, the allencompassing knowledge' and the most unique creativity of Allah Almighty who had to be One and indivisible. The Christians had to accept these premises and once Tauhid was proved, the converse, that is, the belief in Trinity was also proved untenable. The Christians then expressed their doubts about some words of the Holy Qur'an in which Sayyidna 'Isa (A) i.e. Jesus Christ has been called ' Ruhullah('the Spirit of Allah) or 'Kalimatullah' (the Word of Allah), which according to them led to prove that Sayyidna 'Isa had a share in the divinity of Allah.

Through this verse, Allah Almighty has put an end to these doubts by saying that such expressions are in the category of Mutashibihat where the outward meaning is not intended; they are, rather, a secret between Allah and His Messenger, the reality of which cannot become manifest to others for whom it is not even appropriate to go about determining  the possible meanings of these words. One has to have faith them by believing that whatever Allah Almighty has elected to  mean through them is the truth. It is not permissible to dig deeper and mount further researches in this direction.  

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Maariful Quran Vol-2

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