MAJOR SINS (Part-85)

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This verse clearly refers to the scholars who are acquainted with Allah, Most High. Ibn `Abbas said, "What is meant, are those who are well acquainted with Allah's Might, Dignity and Power and (will) fear Him more than all other people." Mujahid and AI-Sha'bi said, "The men of knowledge are those who fear Allah (SWT)."

AI-Rabi' said further, "Whoever has no fear of Allah (SWT) , he will never be decreed to be a scholar." Allah  (SWT)  Most High also said,

{Those who conceal the clear signs we have sent down, and the Guidance, after we have made it clear for the people in the Book, on them shall be Allah's curse and the curse of those entitled to curse.}
(AI-Baqarah: 159)

This verse was revealed as a condemnation to the Jewish scholars. The clear signs refer to the Divine prescriptions, rules and penalties.

{The Guidance} means the prophecies of Muhammad (SM) and his features in their book. {After we have made it clear for the people} refers to the children of Israel. {The Book} refers to the Torah. {On them} means those who conceal the truth. {And the curse of those who are entitled to curse} refers to all of creation except jinn and mankind as Ibn 'Abbas (may Allah  (SWT) be pleased with him) stated. Ibn Mas'ud said, "When two Muslims indulge in cursing, their curse would return to the Jews and the Christians who conceal the prophecies of and features of Muhammad (SM) in their books."

Moreover, Allah  (SWT)  Most High states,

{And remember Allah (SWT)  took a covenant from the peopleof the Book, to make it known and clear to mankind, and not to hide it, but they threw it away behind their backs, and purchased with it some miserable gain! And vile was the bargain they made.}
(Al-Imran: 186)

Al-Wahdi stated, "These verses were revealed concerning the Jews of Medina whom Allah (SWT)  commanded to publicize the prophecies, features and the mission of Muhammad (SM) as stated in their Book, the torah. {To make it known and clear to mankind,} refers to Allah's Covenant with the Jewish scholars to make clear to the people what was in their book, including the prophecies of Muhammad  (SM) as AI-Hasan stated {But they threw it away behind their backs} Ibn `Abbas (may Allah (SWT)  be pleased with them both) said, "They broke their commitment" "And purchased with it some miserable gain!" They preferred valueless and mean interests over explaining the truth. {And vile was the bargain they made.}Ibn 'Abbas (may Allah  (SWT) be pleased with him) commented, "They made a miserable trade and gained nothing except loss and damnation."

The Messenger of Allah  (SWT)

declared, "Will never smell the fragrance of Paradise, the one who seeks sacred knowledge for the sake of worldlygain." 1

The hadith reported by Abu Hurairh (Ra) (may Allah  (SWT)  be pleased with him),that was previously mentioned, explained that one of the three men who would be dragged to Hell-fire is the person who sought knowledge in order that people would call him a scholar. Furthermore, the Messenger of  Allah  (SWT) said,

"Anyone who seeks sacred knowledge to vie with scholars, argue with fools, or win people's hearts willgo to Hell."2

He (SM) also said, "Whoever is asked about an issue of knowledge, and conceals it, on the Day of Judgment he would be held by a rein of fire."3

By the same token, the Messenger of  Allah  (SWT)  used to supplicate to Allah  (SWT) saying, "O Allah! I seek refuge in you from knowledge whichis of no use.4 He (SM) also said,

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MAJOR SINS - Imam Shamsu ed-Deen Dhahabi

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