Sura Al-Imran (Tafseer-ul-Maariful Quran), Part-148



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Let us consider an important rule of conduct at this point. It is a fact and we know it too well that no one in this world can claim to have placed his trust in Allah, a degree more pronounced than the Holy Prophet (SM) and his noble Companions. But, the form and manner of such trust was different. He would never think of sitting back forsaking all physical means available and end up saying: Allah is all-sufficient for us. He will bless us with victory while we sit out and do nothing! No. This did not work like that. Instead, he gathered the noble Companions together, infused a new fighting spirit in the hearts of those injured, prepared them for the Jihad, both materially and spiritually before marching out. It means that he collected and used all physical means which were available to him and it was only after that he said: 'Allah is all-sufficient for us.' This, then, is the most authentic form of Tawakkul (Trust in Allah) taught by the Holy Qur'an, personally practiced by the Holy Prophet (SM) and this was what he made others around him do. All physical means which we have in the life of this world are blessings from Allah. Rejecting or abandoning them amounts to being ungrateful to Him. Placing trust in Allah after having forsaken available physical means is no Sunnah (established practice) of the Messenger of Allah (SM) .However, if there be someone comprehensively overwhelmed by his state of being, he could be deemed as excusable while being unable to observe this precept of the Shari'ah. Otherwise, the most sound practice is no more than what has been curtly expressed in a Persian poetic line:

Before placing trust, do tie your camel.

The Holy Prophet (SM) has himself stated the meaning of this very verse: حَسْبُنَا اللَّهُ وَنِعْمَ الْوَكِيلُ (173) 'Allah is all-sufficient for us, and the best one to trust in,' while deciding a case reported in Hadith :

As reported by Sayyidna'Awf ibn Malik رضي الله عنه a case involving two men came up for hearing before the Holy Prophet (SM). He gave his verdict. The man who lost the case heard the verdict in perfect peace and started walking out with the words: حَسْبُنَا اللَّهُ وَنِعْمَ الْوَكِيلُ (Allah is all-sufficient for me, and the best one to trust in) on his lips. The Holy Prophet (SM) asked: 'Bring this man to me.' He said to him:

Allah censures inaction but it is your duty to use means, following which, when you find yourself powerless against odds, then say: 'Allah is all-sufficient for me, and the best one to trust in.'

The third verse (174) recounts the blessings which descended upon these noble Companions ,for their brave response to the call of Jihad and for saying: حَسْبُنَا اللَّهُ وَنِعْمَ الْوَكِيلُ (Allah is all-sufficient for us. and the best one to trust in). It was said:

فَانقَلَبُوا بِنِعْمَةٍ مِّنَ اللَّهِ وَفَضْلٍ لَّمْ يَمْسَسْهُمْ سُوءٌ وَاتَّبَعُوا رِضْوَانَ اللَّهِ
So, they returned with bounty from Allah, and grace, with no evil having even touched them and submitted to the pleasure of Allah.

Allah Almighty bestowed on them three blessings:
1. Such awe and terror was placed in the hearts of disbelievers that they ran away because of which the Companions remained protected against the rigours of fighting on the battlefield. Allah Almighty has used the very word Ni'mah for what we refer to as blessing.

2. The second blessing conferred on them was the opportunity to engage in trading in the market of Hamra' al-Asad. The benefits yielded by such financial transactions were called 'Fadl' or the bounty from Allah.

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