The Battle of the Ahzaab
Among all the battles of Rasulullah (SM) the Battle of the Ahzaab holds a special place of importance because in this battle the Muslims were confronted by all the various groups of unbelievers at the same time. In this battle all the non Muslims Arab tribes as well as their allies together with the Jews gathered together with the sole purpose of destroying the Muslims completely. In Madinah, even the hypocrites secretly supported their plans. The word 'hizb' means a group or a gang and the word 'Ahzaab' is its plural, meaning 'groups of allies’. For this reason this battle is called the Battle with the allies. And because Sayeduna Salmaan gave the opinion that a trench (Khandaq ) should be dug between the Muslims and the unbelievers, for the first time the Muslims assorted to the diggings of a trench to keep Madinah safe against the onslaught from the enemy. Hence this battle is also called the Battle of the Khandaq (trench).
This battle took place in the year 5 Hijri (February 627 A.C.) when Abu Sufiyan came with an army of ten thousand to attack Madinah. Concisely the story is like this that when Rasulullah (SM) came to know of the movements of this army, he consulted with the companions as was his Fixed habit. Then Sayeduna Salmaan Faarsi said: "O Messenger of Allah, it is our custom in Persia that when such an army moves against us, we dig a trench to safeguard ourselves against the enemy to keep them out." Rasulullah (SM) accepted this suggestion and ordered that a trench be dug and he himself got hold of a spade to dig. This was the First time in human history that Master and slave. Ruler and subject, of Ficer and soldier, master and servant together delivered this manual labour and to see the sayyad of both worlds, standing with a spade in his hand, digging for three days of starvation with a stone tied around his stomach still the panges of hunger. And when a huge stone stood the path of the diggers the matter was brought to the notice of Rasulullah (SM) and saying: "Bismillah," he struck the stone with his spade to break it down into pieces.
On the one side of this work force was: "We remained working for three days without tasting anything," while on the other side was the Du 'a:
"O Allah, there is no life except the life of the hereafter. Forgive the Ansaar and the Muhajireen."
And when the devoted Mujahideen heard this,
they exclaimed with great enthusiasm:
"We are those who swore an oath of allegiance to Muhammad to perform Jihad in Allah's path." And when the rest ofthen heard this enthusiastic song, they replied: "O Allah (SWT) the real goodness
and righteousness is the righteousness of the hereafter.
So Lord send down your blessings upon the Ansaar and Muhaajireen."
Sayeduna Barra bin 'Aazib reports that at the Battle of the Khandaq , Rasulullah (SM) condition was such that he used to pick up sand from here and there and removing it so much so that his body was almost completely covered in dust and sand while reciting:
"I swear by Allah, if Allah’s guidance did not guide us we would not be guided aright, neither would we have prayed and given charity.
O Allah send down your calmness over us and keep our feet steadfast in the field of battle And those who rebel against us and attack us, when they desire to cause us a trial and temptation, we have refused. And so the companions repeated in a lord voice: "A bay-naa" "we have refused."