Al-Zahravi (963-1013 AD) Or Albucasis

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He is called the "father of surgery". Abul Qasim al- Zahrawi is known as Albucasisto the West. He was a famous surgeon at the court of Caliph al- Hakam II in Baghdad. Students and patients flocked to him from the Muslim world and Europe.
He wrote a Medical Encyclopedia which contained 30 sections of surgical knowledge and illustrations of 200 surgical instruments, most of which he designed himself. The Encyclopedia was required reading for physicians, and even five centuries later it was being used as the standard textbook on surgery in universities in Europe.
Al- Zahravi also performed many delicate operations such as caesareans and was also the first to use silk thread for stitching wounds.

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