Anatomy 2

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Human dissection is not accepted in Islam.The sanctity of a Muslim after he  dies is the same as when he is alive. The body has to remain in its integrality.
Thus,knowledge of anatomy in medieval Islam was firmly based on  observation, and the anatomical writings by the 2nd-century Greek physician  Galen,who to a large extent argued from analogy with animal structures.All the major Arabic and Persian medical encyclopedias had sections on anatomy,summarizing the Galenic anatomical concepts.These were occasionally illustrated with schematic diagrams of the eye or the cranial sutures or the bones of the upper jaw.No full-page anatomical illustrations of the body are preserved from the Islamic world before those which accompanied the Persian treatise composed by Mansur ibn Muhammad  ibn  Ahmad ibn Yusuf ibn  Ilyas, in his illustrated treatise,often called `Mansur's Anatomy,'14th C.AD (7thHJ).It consists of an introduction followed by 5 chapters on the 5 `systems' of the body : bones,nerves, muscles, veins and arteries, each illustrated with a full-page diagram.A concluding section on compound organs, such as the heart and brain, and on the formation of the fetus.

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