Stories from Biblography

Salah ad-Deen al-Ayubi (Part-124)

To read the previous part of this story,click here.Najm ad-Deen Ayub arrives in EgyptSalah ad-Deen asked Noor ad-Deen to send his father to him, and Noor ad-Deen agreed to do so. He asked Najm ad-Deen Ayub to make preparations to travel to Egypt, and he...

Salah ad-Deen al-Ayubi (Part-123)

To read the previous part of this story,click here.Outcomes of the attack on DamiettaAfter the failure of the joint Crusader-Byzantine attack on Damietta, this incident became an important turning point in the history of the Near East, because if the Christian alliance had succeeded in...

Salah ad-Deen al-Ayubi (Part-122)

To read the previous part of this story,click here.Factors affecting the CrusadersKing Amalric I delayed his attack on the city for three days, until the Byzantine fleet arrived, which gave the Muslims ample opportunity to fortify the city and bring in men and supplies.628The Crusader...

Salah ad-Deen al-Ayubi (Part-121)

To read the previous part of this story,click here.Noor ad-Deen played the role that was expected of him; he took a sound decision and sent troops to Salah ad-Deen, then he went himself to the Frankish territory in Greater Syria and launched raids against the...

Salah ad-Deen al-Ayubi (Part-120)

To read the previous part of this story,click here.Salah ad-Deen strengthens his armyAs soon as he became vizier, Salah ad-Deen started working to prepare an Ayubid army to form the core of a new Egyptian army, to defend his rule and to defend Egypt from...

Salah ad-Deen al-Ayubi (Part-119)

To read the previous part of this story,click here.It seems that the Fatimid ruler of Egypt at that time, al-'Adid, was aware of the conspiracy of the caliph's confidant, because it is impossible to imagine all of that happening in his palace without his knowledge....

Salah ad-Deen al-Ayubi (Part-118)

To read the previous part of this story,click here.The arrangements that Salah ad-Deen made led to him tightening his grip on the affairs of the state, and further weakened al-'Adid's authority, thus undermining the position of the caliph and disappointing Kabeer at- Tawashiyah (the chief...

Salah ad-Deen al-Ayubi (Part-117)

To read the previous part of this story,click here.Death of Asad ad-DeenBut Shirkuh's viziership did not last long, as he died on 22nd Jumada 11/564 AH. So his time as vizier lasted only two months and five days. May Allah have mercy on him. He...

Salah ad-Deen al-Ayubi (Part-116)

To read the previous part of this story,click here.The slaying of ShawarAs for Shawar, he did not express what he was thinking. He delayed giving to Asad ad-Deen the money and soldiers' salaries he had promised him, and he resolved to betray him too. He...

Salah ad-Deen al-Ayubi (Part-115)

To read the previous part of this story,click here.Then they went to al-Fustat and Shawar ordered that it be burned, and ordered its inhabitants to move to Cairo and that the land be plundered lest the Franks take possession of it. So the city was...

Salah ad-Deen al-Ayubi (Part-114)

To read the previous part of this story,click here.Whatever the case, Amalric entered the city of Alexandria in Shawwal/August whilst Salah ad-Deen left it in a splendid military procession, despite the sorrow that its inhabitants felt at his departure. The two men met and were...

Salah ad-Deen al-Ayubi (Part-113)

To read the previous part of this story,click here.If the Franks and Egyptians think that I am at the heart of the army, they will intensify their attack on the heart and that will be the focus of their attack. If they attack you, do...

Salah ad-Deen al-Ayubi (Part-112)

To read the previous part of this story,click here.The battle of BabaynAsad ad-Deen and Noor ad-Deen's troops marched to as-Sa'eed (Upper Egypt) and reached a place called al-Babayn (Two Gates). The Egyptian and Frankish troops set out after them and caught up with them on...

Salah ad-Deen al-Ayubi (Part-111)

To read the previous part of this story,click here.In spite of the fact that Asad ad-Deen Shirkuh's campaign did not achieve its aims in Egypt, the final outcome was that Noor ad-Deen Mahmood's power in Syria was reinforced and his status in the Muslim world...

Salah ad-Deen al-Ayubi (Part-110)

To read the previous part of this story,click here.Thus Shawar indulged in a political game between major enemies in an attempt to incite them against one another to serve his own interests. Undoubtedly Almaric I was watching political and military developments in Egypt at that...

Salah ad-Deen al-Ayubi (Part-109)

To read the previous part of this story,click here.Dirgham found out about the preparations that were being made in Damascus for a campaign to help Shawar, so he took precautions and sought the help of Amalric I in an attempt to enter the balance of...

Salah ad-Deen al-Ayubi (Part-108)

To read the previous part of this story,click here.The Crusaders' hopes led the Mujahid commander Noor adDeen to thinkseriously about incorporating Egypt into the Islamic front. He also receivedconfirmation from the Abbasid caliph giving him a free hand in Syria andEgypt in 549 AH, which...

Salah ad-Deen al-Ayubi (Part-107)

To read the previous part of this story,click here.These attempts were repeated when TalaT ibn Ruzayk became vizier, as he contacted Noor ad-Deen Mahmood via Usamah ibn Munqidh, but Noor ad-Deen did not hasten to respond, as he thought that the right opportunity had not...

Salah ad-Deen al-Ayubi (Part-106)

To read the previous part of this story,click here.Al-Imam al-Ghazali ' s efforts in defeating the Batini ShiitesOne of the beneficial effects of the Nizami schools was that they paved the way for the Sunni madh-hab to prevail. This was no easy task; rather it...

Salah ad-Deen al-Ayubi (Part-105)

To read the previous part of this story,click here.Allah helped and guided Nizam al-Mulk in a manner that is rarely paralleled in religious, academic and political history. His schools survived for a long time, especially the Nizamiyah in Baghdad, which flourished for four centuries. The...