Stories from Quran and Science

Hospitals 2

All the hospitals in Islamic lands were traditionally financed from the revenues of pious bequests called waqfs. Wealthy men, and especially rulers, donated property as endowments, whose revenue went toward building and maintaining the institution.The property could consist of shops, mills, caravanserais, or even entire...

Health care

Many of the common chronic illnesses, coronary heart disease,hyper-tension,diabetes, peptic ulcer disease, obesity and depression have common man-made etiology, that is rich food, too much food, too much salt,too much sugar, smoking, stress and alcoholism.If we give up excessive salt,sugar and cholesterol from our diet,and...

-Miswak-

The Root of a tree known in Arabic as ‘Arak’ (Salvadora persica), and in Urdu, as ‘Peelu’,more commonly known as the ‘toothbrush tree’.The Miswak has a rich,and well-documented usage history,resplendent with intrinsic medicinal value and benefits.Known throughout the  MiddleEast and Asia,from time immemorial,up to the...

Anatomy 2

Human dissection is not accepted in Islam.The sanctity of a Muslim after he  dies is the same as when he is alive. The body has to remain in its integrality.Thus,knowledge of anatomy in medieval Islam was firmly based on  observation, and the anatomical writings by...

-Ophthalmology-

Islamic physicians displayed particular concern and skill in the diagnosis and treatment of eye diseases, perhaps because blindness was the major cause of disability throughout the Islamic lands.Often,illnesses of the eye developed because of the wind constantly blowing sand in the eyes of the local...

-Poisons-

The topic of poisons was of great interest in both antiquity and the medieval world and it also generated its own literature.Snake and dog bites as well as the ill effects of scorpions and spiders and other animals caused much concern, while the poisonous properties...

-Alchemy-

The formative Arabic treatises on alchemy were those under the name of Jabir ibn  Hayyan,an 8th-century polymath familiar to Western readers as  Geber.In these writings there was elaborated for the first time the idea of an elixir that served as a general medicine or life-giving...

-Distillation-

Distillation was one of the most important processes in Islamic chemical technology and was employed for both medicinal preparations and a variety of other technological and industrial uses,including the preparation of acids and the distillation of perfumes,rose-water and essential oils.As the equipment and processes of...

Eating Habits

Obesityis a major American tragedy,a form of malnutrition,affecting million of people,of all age.99% of obesity is due to overeating.Allah advises as to be moderate in quantity."But waste not by excess for God loves not the wasters."Qur'an 7:31"Eat of the good things we have provided for...

Chemistry 2

Many of the techniques employed in drug production were also part of the realm of alchemy.The Arabic word al-kimiya,from which we derive the word alchemy, was used for both chemistry and alchemy,and no clear distinction was made between the two activities. A wide range of...

-Chemistry-

Islamic physicians not only contributed to the recording of new medicinal substances and compound remedies,but also,in collaboration with other artisans,developed new equipment for the pharmacy. `Albarello'is the name given to drug jars having a waisted form with slightly concave sides which became popular in Europe...

Pharmaceutics 1

In the field of  materia medica and its applications, Islamic writers surpassed their earlier models,primarily because their broader geographic horizons brought them into contact with drugs unknown to earlier peoples,such as camphor,musk,sal ammoniac, and senna.In later Arabic works,medicinals were used that came from as far...

Al-Zahravi (963-1013 AD) Or Albucasis

He is called the "father of surgery". Abul Qasim al- Zahrawi is known as Albucasisto the West. He was a famous surgeon at the court of Caliph al- Hakam II in Baghdad. Students and patients flocked to him from the Muslim world and Europe.He wrote...

Ibn Sina (980 - 1037 A.D.)

At the age of ten, he already had memorized the  Qur'an. During the next six years he studied Muslim law, philosophy, natural science, logic, geometry, and advanced mathematics.At the age of 17, he started to study medicine and found it "not difficult".By the age of...

Public Health Inspectors (Muhtasib)

The Muhtasib was an Inspector of Public Services. Some of his responsibilities included seeing that correct weights and measures were used by merchants (so no one would be cheated), insisting upon proper street cleaning, seeing that a dangerous building was condemned, ensuring a supply of...

Pharmaceutics 2

The largest and most popular of  materia  medicamanuals was that by Ibn alBaytar(also known as al- Mutlib- d. 1248/646), who was born in Malaga in the kingdom of Granada, Spain, towards the end of the 12th century and became `Chief of Botanists' in Cairo in...

The lowest point on earth

Allah (SWT) , may He be Exalted and Glorified, said in the Qur’aan: Alif Laam Meem, the Romans have been defeated, in the lowest part of the land ( adnal-ardh),but after defeat they will soon be victorious. (Qur’aan 30:1-3). The term “adna”means both  nearer and lowest...

Anatomy of the skin

Those who reject our signs. We shall soon cast into the fire; as often as their skins are roasted through. We shall change them for fresh skins, that they may taste the chastisement: for Allah is Exalted in Power, Wise  ( Qur’aan 4:56)The skin is...

-Geology-

We asked professor kroner to describe the geological conditions of Arabia. ‘Was Arabia full of orchards and rivers?’ He said, During the Snow Age. And it is further known that the North Polar icebergs are slowly moving southwards. When those polar icebergs become relatively close...

Heavens Earth

Professor Kroner chose an example from the Qur’aan which proved to him why the Qur’aan could not have come from Muhammad himself. The example, which Professor Kroner chose is a description in the Qur’aan of the fact that this universe had its beginnings in one...